Pattern Making Techniques in Fashion Design

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Pattern Making Techniques in Fashion Design

pattern making techniques in fashion design

Attention to detail is paramount when creating anything new, right from building a bridge to crafting a piece of garment. Unless you have the design plan or the blueprint ready for it you would not be able to plan your steps ahead. When you enroll in fashion design course at Inifd Gurgaon, you’ll learn that in the case of garment construction or fashion designing, pattern making plays a very important role in giving shape to the final product in exactly the same way as envisioned by the designer. It helps the designers in interpreting the designs and understanding them with technical ability. It creates a template that helps in tracing the shape of the garment which is then traced onto the fabric before it is cut out and assembled.

There are three main pattern making techniques that are used by fashion designers today.


The technique of drafting in fashion design involves taking actual measurements of a person, dress or a dummy using sizing systems. These measurements are taken for different body parts including nape to neck to waist, neck, hip and waist circumference, armhole depth, and shoulder to bust, to name a few. The seam allowances are also taken into account along with finished lines to finish the pattern. The process of pattern making is done on brown paper and it gives the designer a basic structure of the dress. The brown paper pattern is then placed on the fabric and traced.


In draping, a two or three-dimensional piece of muslin fabric is wrapped around a body form or mannequin. Once the fabric is positioned, it is pinned into place to give a fitted form. Fashion designers often prefer Muslin fabric in this form of pattern making as it is the most common, inexpensive and easy to work with fabric that can be used for draping. Fashion designers believe that it can be easily folded and manipulated to craft different looks for a design. This process of pattern making saves time and the final design can immediately be visualized on the dummy itself. Secondly, the measurements can be adjusted accordingly. Any changes that happen to the design mid-way can also be added to the body form and their effect can be seen. Once the design is complete on the dummy, the fabric is removed from it and is used as the blueprint for sewing the garment.

Check out the insights of draping class by Kawaljeet Singh

Flat Paper Pattern Making

In Flat Pattern Making technique, accurate measurements are taken from a dress form or a figure and these measurements are then turned into a pattern using paper. It creates a fitted pattern to fit a person’s body form in the actual size. Most fashion designers feel that this method is more accurate and fast. Fold lines and grain lines are marked to complete the paper pattern. Even notches are made in this pattern to give it a realistic feel and better fitting. This form of pattern making is easier and less time consuming for designers as they can easily make the other artisans associated in the garment making understand the design.

A fashion designer must master the pattern making techniques for creating garments which are an exact replica of the design created originally.

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